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Four Predictions for Academic Publishing in 2016

Publishing Technology has shared the predictions for what will be in store for academic publishing in 2016. This sector is far broader, larger and economically more successful than people outside the industry can imagine. It ranges from multinational corporations that publish journals, to the university presses who keep the scholarly monograph going as a content form, and to the professional and association publishers dedicated to sharing information, insight and expertise within distinct professional groups. Yet however different these publishers look from the outside, they face similar challenges as the behaviour of their buyers and readers changes and their funding environment shifts.
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How the Healthcare Industry Tackled Data Blocking in 2015

Data blocking, the antithesis to health IT interoperability, is emerging as a major impediment to the improvement of EHR use. Data blocking is defined by the ONC as preventing the sharing of health information intentionally, knowingly, or with a lack of reasonable justification for blocking the information. Data blocking is a clear hurdle in the way of full interoperability because it is intentional, and therefore can be preventable. This not only bars the free exchange of information, but also the benefits that go with it - care coordination, patient engagement, and team-based care.
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Examples of Effective Data Sharing in Scientific Publishing

This article presents a perspective on an approach to data sharing in scientific publications. The essence of the approach is that data can be embedded in a human-readable and machine-addressable way within the traditional publishing environment. This is shown by examples for both computational and experimental data. A need for new authoring tools to facilitate data sharing has been articulated, and the tools that have been developed for this purpose are also discussed. With these tools, data generation, analysis, and manuscript preparation can be deeply integrated, resulting in easier and better data sharing in scientific publications.
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Africa: How to Reach a Wider Audience for Your Research

In current age of knowledge abundance, the scholarly community is turning its attention to the use of social media channels and other online platforms. Scholars have been increasingly integrating these tools into their everyday work, creating enormous potential to capture the digital traces of their research. Not surprisingly, then, in recent years academics have shown a growing interest in non-traditional ways of evaluating their scholarly 'impact'. The altmetrics, short for alternative metrics, allow researchers to gauge the impact and reach of their research in the social web beyond traditional citation counting.
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Putting Scientific Peer Review in the Courtroom

Courts in the United States process huge quantities of scientific information. Every day, they must determine the validity of expertise ranging from acoustics to zoology, in matters ranging from civil slip-and-fall cases to criminal prosecutions that may result in prison sentences or even execution. In federal courts and in virtually all states, judges are expected to be 'gatekeepers,' responsible for assessing the validity of the scientific or technical expert testimony offered by the parties. Judges are expected to distinguish the scientific wheat from the pseudoscientific chaff. Yet most judges do not have the ability to fulfill this responsibility adequately.
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