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Opening Research on the Web: Hastening the Inevitable

(internetevolution.com): Over 100 institutions (starting with Southampton, and now including Harvard and MIT) and over 40 research funders (including NIH and RCUK) have mandated Green OA so far. Institutions have created OA repositories (with the help of free software, the first of which was EPrints, created in 2000 by the University of Southampton's Rob Tansley, who went on the create Dspace for MIT). But repositories are not enough. They remain 80 percent empty unless self-archiving is mandated; then, and only then, 95 percent of researchers do self-archive, over 80 percent of them willingly.
   
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Over 9 million items now on Europeana

(europeana.eu): Nearly 2 million new items have been added to Europeana. The latest contributions mean Europeana now has 9.1 million digital images, sounds, texts and videos, representing the cultural and scientific heritage of countries across Europe. Europeana's collection will grow to over 10 million in 2010.
   
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Google working with U.S., European officials on censorship trade case

(afterdawn.com): Google Inc. is working with the U.S. State Department, the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, the Commerce Department and European officials to help build a case arguing that censorship acts as a trade barrier, according to Robert Boorstin, Google's director of corporate and policy communications. The company shut its Chinese-language search engine this year because of a cyber attack and concerns about censorship.
   
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The Open Science Movement

(physics.about.com): As the internet becomes more diverse, there continues to be intense debate about how to best leverage it for both productivity and fairness. This debate extends to many areas - politics, journalism, design, and also science. The move to post scientific research data online is part of a movement called "Open Science" (although it has other names as well - see our article on Open Science Terminology).
   
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Iraqi Scientists Now Downloading 30,000 Papers Each Month

(sciencemag.org): After years of conflict that has wreaked havoc on Iraqi higher education and research, scientists and scholars in the country appear to be slowly rebuilding Iraq's scientific enterprise. One sign, according to U.S. and Iraqi officials, is the rising number of papers published by Iraqi researchers, which went up from a miniscule 80 publications in 2005 to 250 in 2008. Another indicator is the nearly 30,000 papers being downloaded every month from the Iraq Virtual Science Library, a Web portal created in May 2006 to give Iraqi researchers and students free access to thousands of journals.
   
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