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Publishers Have A New Strategy For Neutralizing Open Access -- And It's Working

Over the last few years, Techdirt has been reporting on a steady stream of victories for open access. Along the way publishers have tried various counter-attacks, which all proved dismal failures. But there are signs that they have changed tack, and have come up with a more subtle and increasingly successful approach. An analysis by Mike Taylor of what he calls "The progressive erosion of the RCUK open access policy" has been given. The distinction between "Gold" open access, which takes place through journals, and "Green" open access, which uses online repositories is a crucial issue. The publishers' new strategy against open access is not to fight it directly, but to use constant lobbying to inflict a kind of death by a thousand cuts.
   
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The State of Large-Publisher Bundles in 2012

For well over a decade, research libraries have been spending millions of dollars per year licensing collections of journals published by just a handful of publishers. Ten years ago ARL surveyed its membership about their licensed collections of journal titles. In 2002, ARL asked for information regarding members' expenditures for 60 journal publishers, ultimately reporting findings for the 7 most commonly subscribed publishers. In 2003, a second survey added further information about some licensing terms. ARL surveyed its members again in 2005 about their 2006 licenses with the 6 largest publishers at that time. Early in the summer of 2012, ARL again surveyed its member libraries about their subscriptions to journal collections from large publishers. The data collected in this most recent survey show that a great deal has changed in the last decade, and yet several issues remain concerns within the library community.Pricing models and license terms, consortial arrangements, and the conversion from print to electronic subscriptions remain issues across the surveys.
   
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"Publisher-Library Partnership for Accessibility: A Case Study of Scholarly Publishing for Public Audiences"

Public outreach and access are becoming more and more important across institutions of higher education. Sustainable information technology approaches are necessary to communicate and preserve public education materials generated as part of this new era of "outreach and engagement." This paper describes the partnership between Oregon State University's Extension Service publishing arm and the Oregon State University Libraries to make Oregon State University the first land-grant institution to systematically publish outreach materials using the university's institutional repository.
   
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How Lack of Disclosure in Academic Research Can Damage Credibility

Wharton operations and information management professors Joseph Simmons and Uri Simonsohn and UC Berkeley colleague Leif Nelson point out in a recent research paper, too much emphasis is placed on getting research results published in respectable journals, without worrying enough about whether the evidence backs up those findings. Indeed, the authors write, "it is unacceptably easy to publish 'statistically significant' evidence consistent with any hypothesis."
   
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Techniques to Understand the Changing Needs of Library Users

This paper demonstrates a set of techniques development by the River Campus Libraries at the University of Rochester (USA) which have facilitated a tight alignment between the services, collections, facilities, and digital presence of the Libraries with the academic needs of the undergraduate students, graduate students and faculty at the University of Rochester. The focus and study of academic work practices has been achieved through the adoption and adaptation of methods from anthropological and ethnography, which are then applied to the study of segments of a university community.
   
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