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Digitizing Dissertations for an Institutional Repository: A Process and Cost Analysis

This paper by Mary Piorun, Associate Director and Lisa A. Palmer, Catalog Librarian, describes the Lamar Soutter Library's process and costs associated with digitising 300 doctoral dissertations for a newly implemented institutional repository at the University of Massachusetts Medical School. Locally digitising dissertations or other scholarly works for inclusion in institutional repositories can be cost effective, especially if small, defined projects are chosen. A successful project serves as an excellent recruitment strategy for the institutional repository and helps libraries build new relationships. Challenges include workflow, cost, policy development, and copyright permissions.
   
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Open Access and Institutional Repositories: The Turkish Landscape

The development of the "Open Access" (OA) movement since early 1990s has been radically changing the scientific communication landscape. Within the last decade more universities and research institutions are recommending their scholars to make their works freely accessible through their web sites and/or institutional repositories (IRs). This article by Yasar Tonta of the Department of Information Management, Hacettepe University, defines the concepts of OA and IR and briefly reviews the current situation of IRs in Europe. It then chronicles the development of IRs in Turkey. The paper concludes with some recommendations.
   
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Semantic Search: The Myth and Reality

Semantic search is an upcoming technology that has set the expectations too high. This article by Alex Iskold, Founder and CEO of AdaptiveBlue, a smart browsing and personalization company, discusses the myths and reality with regard to Semantic Search. According to the article, semantic search is going to help us answer questions that we simply cannot answer. Also, the article states that we have all been misled into thinking that these technologies are here to dethrone Google by delivering better search results.
   
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Gov web sites should focus on RSS, XML-not redesigns

It is observed that Government web sites tend to be slow, clunky, and far behind their private-sector counterparts. A new paper from researchers at Princeton University suggest that government officials abandon the dream of developing usable web sites, and instead focus on providing raw public data such as regulatory decisions, Congressional votes, and campaign finance data in open, structured formats such as RSS and XML. This raw data would be made freely available to anyone, and could be used for any purpose. According to Princeton researchers David Robinson, Harlan Yu, William Zeller, and Ed Felten, once the private sector has been relieved of the irritating task of manually scraping data from government web sites, a proliferation of user-friendly sites will allow people to sort, search, and analyse the data in a variety of ways.
   
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Why killing Live Book Search is good for the future of books

Live Book Search provided access to the huge collection of material scanned by the Open Content Alliance (OCA). Microsoft's decision to dismantle Live Book Search and integrate all book search queries directly into the main Live search engine is seen as the right move for the company, according to Brewster Kahle, who heads the Internet Archive. Kahle, who is taking a lead role with the Open Content Alliance, thinks this makes sense in the long term perspective. Read this interesting article by Nate Anderson, associate editor at Ars Technica.
   
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