Publications are the means by which scientists publicise their work, and ultimately, it is by their papers that these publications are judged. A string of impressive publications can propel a young scientist to the next academic stage, whereas an insufficient publication record can derail a career. This paper by Katrina Kelner, Deputy Editor, Life Sciences, at Science magazine, is aimed at giving budding scientists a brief idea of what makes a good paper.
This article by Alma Swan discusses whether our present system of scholarly communication aids the progress of science or gets in the way. According to the article open access model of publishing offers the most promise for advancing science. Swan has more than two decades of experience in medical cell biology research and scholarly publishing. She has served on the faculty of Leicester University and on the staff of Pergamon Press/Elsevier Science, where she was senior managing editor.
Majority of scientific papers are currently available online. This article, by Dr. Lokman I. Meho, provides a historical background of citation analysis, impact factor, new citation data sources (e.g., Google Scholar, Scopus, NASA's Astrophysics Data System Abstract Service, MathSciNet, ScienceDirect, SciFinder Scholar, Scitation/SPIN, and SPIRES-HEP), as well as h-index, g-index, and a-index. According to the author, publishing a journal article is only the first step in disseminating or communicating one's work, the Web provides several methods and tools to publicise its scholarly worth. Dr. Meho is Assistant Professor at School of Library and Information Science, Indiana University.
Publishers are under increasing pressure to make journal papers free to all by abolishing subscriptions and making authors pay a fee instead. In this article, Rüdiger Voss welcomes the benefits that "open access" publishing brings, while John Enderby warns that this new publishing model comes at a price. According to Enderby, researchers have the option to publish elsewhere if they do not like a particular journal. But if all journals were open access, consumers will loose their influence over the market, and funding agencies would have the upper hand to decide how much of their resources would go to publication costs. Rüdiger Voss is a senior researcher at CERN near Geneva, Switzerland. John Enderby is immediate past president of the Institute of Physics and a paid adviser to its publishing arm.
In this paper James V. Maher, Provost and Senior Vice Chancellor at the University of Pittsburgh, presents a closer analysis of the university and difficulties of scholarly publishing in today's world. According to Maher, scholarly publishing is one area in which the future of Research University is really threatened.