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How should scientific publishing fit into a "world digital library"?

In the 2013 NYRB piece, Darnton described the DPLA as 'a distributed system of electronic content that will make the holdings of public and research libraries, archives, museums, and historical societies available, effortlessly and free of charge.' Initially, the offering would 'be limited to a rich variety of collections-books, manuscripts, and works of art-that have already been digitized in cultural institutions throughout the country.' But around that core, he predicted, the DPLA 'will grow, gradually accumulating material of all kinds until it will function as a national digital library.' The words science, scientific, and journal never appeared in that 2013 piece, though implications for them did.
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The Exploitative Economics of Academic Publishing

Taxpayers in the US spend $139 billion a year on scientific research, yet much of this research is inaccessible not only to the public, but also to other scientists. This is the consequence of an exploitative scientific journal system that rewards academic publishers while punishing taxpayers, scientists, and universities. Fortunately, cheap open-access alternatives are not only possible, but already beginning to take root, suggesting a way forward to a more open and equitable system for sharing research.
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How Can Publishers and Translators Meet More Efficiently?

Publishers are eager to put out works in translation, but this can encounter problems in the research phase. There are various ways a publisher hears about an author who piques their interest: a newspaper article with a fleeting mention of a once-popular foreign author; a glance at the bookshelf of a great-aunt who immigrated from Hungary; a rave from a foreign friend or acquaintance; a tip or submission from a translator; an agent. If a publisher is interested, then the questions that follow are: Is anything available in English? Where can I read it? Has anything by Author X been translated before? Is anybody working on it now?
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Kim: Advocating Open Access

With the advent of the Internet, several peer-review journals have adopted the call for open access. One of biggest open access journals is the Public Library of Science, an online, nonprofit publisher and advocacy organization founded to accelerate progress in science. While the project charges a slightly higher publication fee to cover peer review management, journal production and online hosting, PLoS makes its articles free to read, distribute and reuse. In addition, the organization accepts all papers that demonstrate scientific rigor, rather than placing an artificial cap, which allow more scientific knowledge to be generated and circulated.
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Americans Still Prefer Traditional Books, Despite Growth in E-Books

Many readers across multiple generations continue to read traditional books, mass-market, paperback, and hardcover. The catch is that the readers are also reading e-books too, creating a literary environment of ink and pixels coexisting in a hybrid literary culture. Electronic versions of many books are available online. Some works in the public domain may even be downloaded for free from places like iBooks and Amazon. Electronic books are also available on a large variety of devices from smartphones to e-readers and tablets to laptops. Yet, the majority of people still like the feeling of a physical book in the hands. This is good news for the publishing industry.
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