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The cost profiles of alternative approaches to journal publishing

The digital era is having a substantial impact on journal publishing. In order to assist in analysing this impact, a model is developed of the costs incurred in operating a refereed journal. Published information and estimates are used to apply the model to a computation of the total costs and per-article costs of various forms of journal publishing. This article by Roger Clarke, Principal of Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, Canberra, provides insights into why for-profit publishing is considerably more expensive than equivalent activities undertaken by unincorporated mutuals and not-for-profit associations.
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Citation, Citation, Citation : Bibliometrics, the web and the Social Sciences and Humanities

The use of digital resources and the affirmation of research assessment exercises throw a new light on the issue of bibliometrics. This paper by Christine Kosmopoulos and Denise Pumain, reviews the main data bases and indicators in use. It demonstrates that these instruments give biased information about the scientific output of research in Social Sciences and Humanities. Emerging publishing and editing strategies on the web are also analysed.
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Ethics of open Access to biomedical research: Just a special case of ethics of open access to research

The ethical case for Open Access (OA) to research findings is especially salient when it is public health that is being compromised by needless access restrictions. But the ethical imperative for OA is far more general: It applies to all scientific and scholarly research findings published in peer-reviewed journals. And peer-to-peer access is far more important than direct public access. In this article, Stevan Harnad, Ph.D, from the Department of Electronics and Computer Science, University of Southampton, says that OA needs to be mandated, by researchers' institutions and funders, for all research.
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The Future of Print Publishing and Paid Content

It is undeniable that the economics of print publishing are very different today than what they were previously. More content is available for free on the web than any media company could ever have imagined. Most of the discussion about the future of print publishing and paid content centers on the content. In this article, author Scott Karp is of the opinion that despite the emergence of some new forms, content hasn't really changed. What's changed radically is the value of DISTRIBUTION. Scott Karp is the co-founder, President&CEO of Publish2, Inc. He is also Editor, Publisher, and the creator of Publishing 2.0, a blog about how technology is transforming media.
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Making Science Free to All

Historically, scientific journals pay for peer reviews, editing, and other costs through ads and subscription fees. Subscriptions often amount to hundreds of dollars per year, posing financial hurdles to readers, especially when multiplied by many journals. According to Harold Varmus, a scientist and former director of the National Institutes of Health, what scientists do and what they write should be immediately and freely available online.
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