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Open Access to Scientific Literature -A Difficult Balance

This article by Dr. Martin Frank, executive director of the American Physiological Society, centers around John Willinsky's 'The Access Principle', which argues that the knowledge conveyed in Scientific publications amounts to being a public good, and hence access to it should be open to the extent possible. Willinsky assigns the apparent need for open access to the increasing cost of institutional subscriptions.
However, the author of this article argues that the expansive notion of open access, as used by Willinsky, is more focused on a general spirit and direction than on the precise shape of the end result. This fosters an "us-versus-them" fundamentalism that could undermine the efforts of publishers to make content available according to their individual business and publishing models, the author contends.
   
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'Marketing' with Metadata - How Metadata Can Increase Exposure and Visibility of Online Content.

This document is intended primarily for a non-technical audience who may require an overview for decisions regarding the best means of exposing metadata. It may also be of interest to anyone with an interest in digital repositories. It looks at exposing metadata via harvesting (OAI Repositories, Static Repositories), via distributed searching (Z39.50, SRU/SRW, other emerging standards), and exposing content for syndication (RSS). It is an advocacy document, aimed at content providers who may have descriptive data (metadata) available for the actual content they produce.
   
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The Effects of Computers on Traditional Writing

Computers are currently viewed as electronic extensions of existing literacy models, and e-writing is usually compared to print, says author Sharmila Pixy Ferris, associate professor and graduate program director in the department of communication at William Paterson University. This article looks at how e-writing differs from traditional writing, and emphasises on the need to study the growth of electronic writing in order to comprehend the changes in traditional writing.
   
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Peer Review and a Proposal for Revision

Author Aaron Barlow, Assistant Professor of English at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania, says that peer review may not be the only way to determine the value of a scholarly article. This article discusses the drawbacks of the academic system of peer review and why it needs to be revised.
   
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Digital Broadband Content: Scientific Publishing

This is a study of scientific publishing covering both scholarly and scientific research publishing. The study includes STM, humanities, social sciences and arts publishing. The forms of content described are research databases, journals, research monographs and reference books. The study is focused on the changeover from printing to digitalising, throws light on that changeover process, and acknowledges scientific publishing as the core factor in the creation and propagation of knowledge.
   
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