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The argument for using blockchain to secure scientific research

Blockchain may be known as the computer technology behind cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, but at its simplest, blockchain is a technology that offers a way to share information safely and protect against fraud and hacking. A blockchain is a distributed database, a sort of digital ledger. It could be used to secure scientific data and even establish who carried out an experiment first.
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Will Blockchain Revolutionise Scholarly Journal Publishing?

Orvium, a European start-up, recently joined those taking on the giant players. It offers a publishing and business plan based on blockchain - a coding structure that embeds origins and changes within a file. The format will allow for open-access or other licensing models to be determined by each client journal's editors. The company's objective is 'to be the leading publication platform for the research community while returning the benefits of science to society.'
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The Conundrum of Open-Access Publishing

The complexity surrounding the future funding of research publications is not exactly a frequent topic of conversations among students, but it represents a significant issue for many academic staff members at universities the world over. In a climate of 'publish or perish' among researchers, the battle for a spot in one of publishing's elite journals is extraordinarily competitive. For decades these publications have dictated the spread of scientific knowledge, and profited significantly from exercising such dominance over the field through their subscription-service model. However, the century-old business model of journals is being challenged.
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The crusade for open access, and what the Library is doing to help, explained

The UC Libraries published its seminal Pathways to Open Access toolkit - a detailed explanation of the various potential strategies and starting points for achieving open access on campuses across the UC and beyond. When it comes to open access funding models, one crucial question is: Who will front publication costs in a world where subscriptions cease to exist? Right now, most open access journals operate by charging publication costs up front - usually around $1,000 to $4,000 per article. Many researchers have begun to request that fees be included in their research grants. And some open access journals, such as PLOS ONE, will cover publication costs for those who cannot afford them. That is a crucial consideration within any open access model.
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Watch dogs: Scientific integrity at Science Advances

As a AAAS/Science-family journal, Science Advances is committed to publishing innovative, original research that significantly advances the frontiers of science. Their success in this mission to date is anchored in part in the commitment of their authors to adhere to the highest levels of integrity in the conduct and reporting of their studies, which in turn yield the sterling quality of the submissions we publish. Most researchers adhere to these standards because they understand that the advancement of science is predicated on the conduct of research that is grounded in ethical, transparent, and reproducible methods. Science Advances upholds and promotes excellence in research and, therefore, strives to ensure that all the work published has been conducted with the highest levels of scientific integrity.
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