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Science, institutional archives and open access: an overview and a pilot survey on the Italian cancer research institutions

(jeccr.com): The Open Archive Initiative (OAI) refers to a movement started around the '90s to guarantee free access to scientific information by removing the barriers to research results, especially those related to the ever increasing journal subscription prices. This new paradigm has reshaped the scholarly communication system and is closely connected to the build up of institutional repositories (IRs) conceived to the benefit of scientists and research bodies as a means to keep possession of their own literary production. The IRs are high-value tools which permit authors to gain visibility by enabling rapid access to scientific material (not only publications) thus increasing impact (citation rate) and permitting a multidimensional assessment of research findings.
   
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Submission fees could pave way to open-access future

(timeshighereducation.co.uk): Major journals could move to an open-access model if they charged a fee for every paper submitted to them, a study has suggested. Most open-access journals are currently funded solely via charges to the authors of papers accepted for publication. However, high-profile journals such as Science and Nature do not offer open-access options on the grounds that their high rejection rates would force them to impose prohibitively high charges in order to cover the cost of administering peer review.
   
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Google Goes to the Cloud for New Idea in PC System

(online.wsj.com): In the personal-computer industry, where things change fast, one fact has been a constant for years: There are two major, mainstream operating systems for consumers. One, Microsoft Windows, runs on many brands of hardware and dominates sales. The other, Apple's Mac OS X, runs only on its maker's Macintosh computers, and has had a resurgence in popularity in recent years. Next summer, however, Google hopes to add a third broad-based computer-operating system to challenge the duopoly. It's called Chrome OS, and is based on Google's Chrome Web browser. With Chrome, Google isn't just aiming to elbow its way into the OS business. It's hoping to change the entire paradigm.
   
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After Wikileaks, what will Amazon remove next?

(techradar.com): Last year, Amazon was caught remotely deleting copies of George Orwell's 1984 from Kindles - and this week it's deleting even more controversial content. The firm cheerfully deleted erotic stories from people's Kindle archives, and it cheerfully booted Wikileaks off its hosting service. So what's going on? In the case of Kindles, people who've bought incest-themed fiction are finding it disappearing - and as Ars Technica reports, some Amazon reps are then berating customers for their choice of reading matter if they dare to complain.
   
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France delays e-book VAT cut to 2012

(thebookseller.com): The cut in VAT on unenriched ebooks from 19.6% to 5.5% in France will almost certainly be postponed for a year from 1st January 2011 to 2012. Reports suggest that the dire state of French public finances are the reason for delaying the cut. The move is expected to curb the growth of the ebook market, and although unenriched ebooks will still be around in a year's time, other forms are expected to have developed.
   
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