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Building knowledge-based economies: It's difficult but not impossible

(zawya.com): The new buzzword now is aspiring to transform traditional manufacturing and service economies to "knowledge based" ones. The fever has caught on to natural resource endowed economies, which see some aspiring to diversify their single resource economic base. However, simply stating that a country is moving toward a knowledge-based economic foundation and structure is easier said then done, as educational, bureaucratic and social inertia can be insurmountable obstacles. How these are willingly changed and accepted by the population at large is a critical factor for success.
   
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PA ready to supply 'evidence' to copyright review

(thebookseller.com): The Publishers Association will "marshal a strong response" to the IP review. Last week Professor Ian Hargreaves, who is heading up the review, called for evidence on how "the IP system can best support growth". The review is expected to tackle the interaction of IP and competition frameworks, IP and barrier to internet-based business, including investigating what are the benefits of "fair use" exceptions to copyright. The call for evidence extends to evidence on copyright, patents, enforcement of rights as well as intellectual property and competition, and SME access to intellectual property services..
   
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Science, institutional archives and open access: an overview and a pilot survey on the Italian cancer research institutions

(jeccr.com): The Open Archive Initiative (OAI) refers to a movement started around the '90s to guarantee free access to scientific information by removing the barriers to research results, especially those related to the ever increasing journal subscription prices. This new paradigm has reshaped the scholarly communication system and is closely connected to the build up of institutional repositories (IRs) conceived to the benefit of scientists and research bodies as a means to keep possession of their own literary production. The IRs are high-value tools which permit authors to gain visibility by enabling rapid access to scientific material (not only publications) thus increasing impact (citation rate) and permitting a multidimensional assessment of research findings.
   
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Submission fees could pave way to open-access future

(timeshighereducation.co.uk): Major journals could move to an open-access model if they charged a fee for every paper submitted to them, a study has suggested. Most open-access journals are currently funded solely via charges to the authors of papers accepted for publication. However, high-profile journals such as Science and Nature do not offer open-access options on the grounds that their high rejection rates would force them to impose prohibitively high charges in order to cover the cost of administering peer review.
   
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Google Goes to the Cloud for New Idea in PC System

(online.wsj.com): In the personal-computer industry, where things change fast, one fact has been a constant for years: There are two major, mainstream operating systems for consumers. One, Microsoft Windows, runs on many brands of hardware and dominates sales. The other, Apple's Mac OS X, runs only on its maker's Macintosh computers, and has had a resurgence in popularity in recent years. Next summer, however, Google hopes to add a third broad-based computer-operating system to challenge the duopoly. It's called Chrome OS, and is based on Google's Chrome Web browser. With Chrome, Google isn't just aiming to elbow its way into the OS business. It's hoping to change the entire paradigm.
   
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