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A principal component analysis of 39 scientific impact measures

The impact of scientific publications has traditionally been expressed in terms of citation counts. However, scientific activity has moved online over the past decade. To better capture scientific impact in the digital era, a variety of new impact measures has been proposed on the basis of social network analysis and usage log data. In this paper, authors Johan Bollen, Herbert Van de Sompel, Aric Hagberg and Ryan Chute, investigate how these new measures relate to each other, and how accurately and completely they express scientific impact.
   
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Semantic Enrichment: The Key to Successful Knowledge Extraction from STM Literature

Scholarly research and the dissemination of research output are increasing at a rapid pace. This offers STM information providers the opportunity to expand their publishing, database development, and knowledge dissemination services. This white paper identifies the key trends that triggered the information explosion and how this resulted in a paradigm shift in the way information is disseminated and used, especially in the STM domain. It also highlights the key problem areas for researchers in discovering knowledge from an avalanche of research output. Further, this white paper elaborates - with a few apt examples - on how STM publishers can use semantic enrichment in different ways to enhance their offerings to researchers.
   
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How Readers Navigate to Scholarly Content

This White Paper is published by Tracy Gardner and Simon Inger. The research repeats an earlier study performed in 2005 by Scholarly Information Strategies (for whom the authors were consultants) that asks researchers about their preferred start points. The subtle shifts in user preferences provide a valuable insight into user navigation, the features that they find useful in publisher web sites, and the role and effectiveness of library technologies. The research findings will give publishers crucial insight into how end users find and use scholarly resources and help them understand how they should engineer their web sites to meet changing reader navigational behaviour.
   
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Differences in impact factor across fields and over time

The bibliometric measure impact factor is a leading indicator of journal influence, and impact factors are routinely used in making decisions ranging from selecting journal subscriptions to allocating research funding to deciding tenure cases. This paper looks at whether the impact factors are going up, what aspect of the impact factor provides the greatest contribution or explains the increase, and if the increase is different in different disciplinary categories?
   
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Preservation in the Age of Large-Scale Digitization

The digitization of millions of books under programs such as Google Book Search and Microsoft Live Search Books is dramatically expanding our ability to search and find information. This paper examines large-scale initiatives to identify issues that will influence the availability and usability, over time, of the digital books that these projects create. As an introduction, the paper describes four key large-scale projects and their digitization strategies.
   
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