This report from pharmaceutical research firm Best Practices, LLC, notes that the landscape of scientific publications strategy, planning and delivery is changing with the advent of transparency guidelines. It further states that half of global publications groups are fully located in the marketing function, but publications leaders forecast a shift to medical groups to increase clinical presentation. The study included companies such as Pfizer, GlaxoSmithKline, Lilly and Merck.
This white paper by Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC), and Science Commons assists institutions in adopting policies that ensure the widest practical exposure for scholarly works produced, such as that adopted by the Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences in February. The white paper is seen as a how-to guide for faculty, administrators, and advocates formulating an institutional licence grant that delivers open access to campus research outputs.
While the eBook market has not met its original 'inflated expectations,' there is an opportunity for publishers to profit from eBook distribution. With the market still emerging and few clear answers on how the various eBook channels will play out, publishers need a low, predictable cost structure for entering different, emerging channels. According to this paper highly proprietary eBook platforms have given way, while publishers still face a practical challenge of creating eBook files that service more than a single distributor.
Rapidly evolving digital technologies have transformed the way that works of authorship are created, disseminated, stored, preserved, accessed, and experienced for scholarly, entertainment, or other purposes. Rights holders - including authors, musicians, artists, publishers, photographers, computer programmers, record companies, and motion picture studios - are now creating and distributing works in digital formats, and as a result their practices have undergone significant changes. According to this independent report sponsored by the United States Copyright Office and the National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program of the Library of Congress, increased use of digital technologies has prompted a corresponding increase in the public's expectations regarding access to content. Users have begun to expect trustworthy, immediate desktop access to digital materials from all sources, whether local or remote.
This study, sponsored by the Open Society Institute (OSI), reflects contributions from leading copyright and IP experts, who participated at a workshop sponsored by the OSI and held at the Cardozo School of Law in New York in December, 2007. The task of developing a global approach to limitations and exceptions ("L&E's") is one of the major challenges facing the international copyright system today. As mechanisms of access, L&E's contribute to the dissemination of knowledge, which in turn is essential for a variety of human activities and values, including liberty, the exercise of political power, and economic, social and personal advancement. Part I analyses the structure of limitations and exceptions under the Berne Convention and sketches the rationale for a multilateral approach to the question of limitations and exceptions. Part II explores flexibilities inside the international copyright acquis, review the three-step test and assess its import for the validity of a proposed international instrument on L&E's, particularly given the expansion of the test in the TRIPS Agreement and the interpretive jurisprudence of the WTO dispute panels.